Gassho-zukuri Village recognized as World Heritage!
[Shirakawa-go Gassho-zukuri Village]
[Gassho-zukuri Village in Shirakawa-go and Gokayama], were listed as sites of The World Heritage at the 19th UNESCO board held in Berlin, Germany on December, 1995, under Japan's requests.
It is the 6th World Heritage in Japan after Himeji Castle and Shirakami Mountains, and there preservation over hundreds of years has been recognized worldwide.
It will be preserved as a Heritage shared by the human race.
What is Gassho-zukuri?
Gassho-zukuri is a house built of wooden beams combined to form a steep thatched roof that resembles two hands together.
You can see houses such as these in other parts of the country. In Shirakawa, they are called "Kiritsuma-Gassho-zukuri," and the roof can be looked triangular just like a standing book open.
It is the characteristic of these houses in this country.
The structure is built to suit the environment in Shirakawa. It is made to with stand heavy snowfall.
The house face north and south, to minimize wind resistance.
They are also built for be comfort in both summer and winter. The houses stand in a certain direction to adjust the amount of sun in order to keep the room cool in the summer and warm in the winter.
[The World Heritage]
The world heritage is now listed to preserve cultural assets and protect nature as human's treasure.
While the conservation of nature and the preservation of cultural assets were taking place in Europe and America after the war, the World Heritage Treaty was concluded in 1972 through the international cooperation for preserving rock-cut temple at Abu Simbel in Egypt.
The list was made by the World Heritage Committee based on the Treaty.
Present world heritage wa 158 country total 630 became.
World Heritage Sites in Japan
1.The Buddhist structures in the Horyuji Temple region in Nara Pref. 1993
There are 8 assets of shrines and temples altogether in Nara.
13.Shiretoko (Hokkaido Pref) 2005